Business Support

Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA)

Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA)

What is FMLA?


The FMLA entitles eligible employees of covered employers to take unpaid, job-protected leave for specified family and medical reasons with continuation of group health insurance coverage under the same terms and conditions as if the employee had not taken leave. Eligible employees are entitled to:

  • Twelve workweeks of leave in a 12-month period for:
    • the birth of a child and to care for the newborn child within one year of birth;
    • the placement with the employee of a child for adoption or foster care and to care for the newly placed child within one year of placement;
    • to care for the employee’s spouse, child, or parent who has a serious health condition;
    • a serious health condition that makes the employee unable to perform the essential functions of his or her job;
    • any qualifying exigency arising out of the fact that the employee’s spouse, son, daughter, or parent is a covered military member on “covered active duty;” or
  • Twenty-six workweeks of leave during a single 12-month period to care for a covered servicemember with a serious injury or illness if the eligible employee is the servicemember’s spouse, son, daughter, parent, or next of kin (military caregiver leave)

Employer Coverage

  • Private sector employers with 50 or more employees at the worksite within 75 miles
  • Public agencies
  • Public and private elementary and secondary schools

Employee Eligibility

  • Employed by covered employer
  • Worked at least 12 months
  • Have at least 1,250 hours of service during the 12 months before leave begins
  • Employed at a worksite with 50 employees within 75 miles

Certain states have enacted their own version of FMLA. Currently the following states are covered with additional leave policies.

California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Maine, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and the District of Columbia. For state specific guidelines and policy please see your state’s labor website.